Starbon® is an excellent support for heterogeneous catalysis where its unique and tuneable surface characteristics are appropriate for many reactions, including esterifications conducted in aqueous media. This is particularly important in biomass fermentation reactions which produce a range of organic acids that can be utilised as platform molecules in applications such as the production of polymers and higher value intermediates.
Starbon®-supported sulphonic acid catalysts give very high conversion yields. Other reactions that these catalysts have excelled in, include aromatic amidations and acylations. Starbon® – nanometal catalysts perform well in other aqueous phase reactions, including reductions with hydrogen and oxidations with hydrogen peroxide.